Journal of Innovative Research in Life Sciences (JIRLS) is published by the Faculty of Life Sciences Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero (KSUSTA) supported by the Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFUND). It is a biannual, an open access, peer reviewed, online and print journal of high quality. Journal of Innovative Research in Life Sciences (JIRILS) is aimed at publishing original researches in life sciences. It is also aimed at publishing vital information relating to scientific discoveries and inventions, collation and dissemination of solutions to major scientific challenges confronting the universe as well as providing a platform for the publication of new findings that is of great benefit to the basic needs in health, agriculture, biotechnology, pharmaceutical and food industries. JIRLS publications cut across subject areas like subject areas like Biochemistry, Biology, Microbiology, Plant science, Zoology, Biostatistics, Veterinary science, Health sciences, Agricultural sciences, Bioinformatics, Biotechnology and related fields.