E-ISSN 2756-4053 | ISSN 2705-3156
 

Research Article 


IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF PATHOGENIC FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPOILAGE OF TOMATO FRUITS IN JEGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA

Mustapha Abubakar, Dharmendra Singh, Anas Hamisu, Jibrin N Keta, Amina J Ahmad.

Abstract
Tomato fruit contains large amount of water which made it more susceptible to spoilage by fungi. This study was carried out to identify the fungal pathogens associated with the spoilage of tomato fruits and also to evaluate their pathogenic effect on the healthy tomato fruits in Jega Local Government Area, Kebbi State, Nigeria. A total of forty (40) spoilt tomato fruits were collected for mycological analysis from four (4) locations of the study area. The fungi were isolated and identified using standard methods. The result revealed that six (6) fungal isolates were associated with spoilt tomato fruits which include; Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus stolonifer, Fusarium oxynoporum, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Alternaria alternata and Penicillium digitatum. Of these isolates, Aspergillus niger had the highest percentage of occurrence (41.3%) while Saccharomyces cerevisiae had the lowest (4.3%). Based on locations, Jega had the highest number of fungal load (83.33%) while Basaura had the lowest (33.33%). Pathogenicity test result showed that Aspergillus niger also had the highest decay diameter (30mm) in the healthy tomato fruits while Saccharomyces cerevisiae had the lowest (11mm). This study revealed that tomato rot is caused by different species of fungi and their activities, proper handling procedure especially during post-harvest should therefore be employed to avoid the spoilage of the fruit.

Key words: Tomato, Pathogenicity, Spoilage, Fungi and Jega


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Abubakar M, Singh D, Hamisu A, Keta JN, Ahmad AJ. IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF PATHOGENIC FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPOILAGE OF TOMATO FRUITS IN JEGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA. JIRLS. 2019; 1(2): 47-54.


Web Style

Abubakar M, Singh D, Hamisu A, Keta JN, Ahmad AJ. IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF PATHOGENIC FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPOILAGE OF TOMATO FRUITS IN JEGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA. https://www.jirlsonline.com/?mno=108818 [Access: April 07, 2022].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abubakar M, Singh D, Hamisu A, Keta JN, Ahmad AJ. IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF PATHOGENIC FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPOILAGE OF TOMATO FRUITS IN JEGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA. JIRLS. 2019; 1(2): 47-54.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abubakar M, Singh D, Hamisu A, Keta JN, Ahmad AJ. IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF PATHOGENIC FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPOILAGE OF TOMATO FRUITS IN JEGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA. JIRLS. (2019), [cited April 07, 2022]; 1(2): 47-54.



Harvard Style

Abubakar, M., Singh, . D., Hamisu, . A., Keta, . J. N. & Ahmad, . A. J. (2019) IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF PATHOGENIC FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPOILAGE OF TOMATO FRUITS IN JEGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA. JIRLS, 1 (2), 47-54.



Turabian Style

Abubakar, Mustapha, Dharmendra Singh, Anas Hamisu, Jibrin N Keta, and Amina J Ahmad. 2019. IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF PATHOGENIC FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPOILAGE OF TOMATO FRUITS IN JEGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA. Journal of Innovative Research in Life Sciences, 1 (2), 47-54.



Chicago Style

Abubakar, Mustapha, Dharmendra Singh, Anas Hamisu, Jibrin N Keta, and Amina J Ahmad. "IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF PATHOGENIC FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPOILAGE OF TOMATO FRUITS IN JEGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA." Journal of Innovative Research in Life Sciences 1 (2019), 47-54.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abubakar, Mustapha, Dharmendra Singh, Anas Hamisu, Jibrin N Keta, and Amina J Ahmad. "IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF PATHOGENIC FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPOILAGE OF TOMATO FRUITS IN JEGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA." Journal of Innovative Research in Life Sciences 1.2 (2019), 47-54. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abubakar, M., Singh, . D., Hamisu, . A., Keta, . J. N. & Ahmad, . A. J. (2019) IDENTIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF PATHOGENIC FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPOILAGE OF TOMATO FRUITS IN JEGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA. Journal of Innovative Research in Life Sciences, 1 (2), 47-54.